Theologian: An individual who methodically training theology otherwise particular aspects of theology

Inside the Colonial The united states, theologians constantly was in fact knowledgeable pastors just who you’ll train potential ministers from inside the a college mode. Theologians turned into elite academicians and you can specialist adopting the advent of seminaries about 19th century (Reid et al. 1990: 1170).

Theravada Buddhism: One of many eldest schools off Buddhism one looked to the latest blog out-of Sariputra, a young disciple of your Buddha whoever type interpreting Buddha’s instruction was extremely conservative and you may emphasized the newest part of the monastic lifetime because answer to nirvana (Melton 2009: 1043).

About three Gems: The 3 items that promote sanctuary to have Buddhists: the Buddha, the Dharma (teaching), therefore the Sangha (Buddhist society) (Prothero 2008: 205).

Around three Scratches from Lifestyle: Named impermanence, suffering, and no heart throughout the Buddhist conception out of individual reality (Esposito et al. 2012b: G-14).

The word form “compound crossing” or “substance altering

Tibetan Book of the Dead: A collection of Buddhist messages focused on the state between death and you will revival. The brand new texts describe a beneficial forty two-big date journey including unconsciousness at this time away from dying, reawakening when you look at the good bodiless form, while the look of both quiet and you can wrathful deities (Smith and you will Environmentally friendly 1995: 1075).

Torah: This new Hebrew label (“teaching”) generally identifies both the oral and you will composed Jewish Law. Significantly more narrowly, it is the earliest four guides throughout the Hebrew Bible, or Old testament, hence Jewish believers imagine their extremely sacred text (Prothero 2008: 287).

Transubstantiation: Good Catholic philosophy that Eucharistic dough and you will drink certainly are the looks and blood of Christ during the an exact feel. ” It is in accordance with the exact interpretation of your Last Supper from the Gospel account. The Benedictine monk Paschasius Radbertus (c.785-c.860 Ce) try credited as earliest explicit proponent of doctrine, while the actual title basic seems as much as 1130 Le. The brand new Protestant reformers rejected it doctrine (Reid ainsi que al. 1990: 1184).

Trinity: The newest Religious name into neighborhood of God made of around three “persons” (Dad, Young buck and you will Holy Heart). The phrase is beyond the New testament, while the individuals of your own Dad, Young buck and you will Holy Soul is actually stated. The differences between your around three was relational and not believed to be a breakup off power. Goodness is alleged to be the brand new Child away from Goodness. New doctrine of the trinity can be a bit controversial, having critics (e.g. Muslims and you will Unitarians) declare that it is polytheism, whenever you are Christians traditionally protect the fresh philosophy due to the fact public monotheism (Smith and Environmentally friendly 1995: 1100).

U ^

Unclaimed Society: While the used by the new ARDA, the brand new unclaimed people are the ones that are not adherents of every of your own 236 communities within the Spiritual Congregations & Subscription Studies, 2010. It amount shouldn’t be used just like the see this site an indicator out-of irreligion otherwise atheism, because also incorporates adherents out of teams perhaps not used in these types of research.

Unction: The fresh new sacrament out-of healing from the Roman Catholic and you will East Orthodox church buildings. Due to the fact Vatican Council II, Catholicism has used the phrase “Anointing of one’s Unwell” in lieu of “unction.” Which sacrament lies in verses on New-testament instructions off es, including very early Christian culture. Medieval routine inside the West Christianity minimal the sacrament to the people who was basically dying. Vatican Council II restored its prior to general purpose (Reid et al. 1990: 1194).

Unification Chapel: Yet another religious direction depending within the Korea of the Sunrays Myung Moonlight for the 1954. An entire identity of one’s direction is the Holy Spirit Organization for the Unification from Business Christianity. Unification theology will be based upon Moon’s interpretation of the Dated and The fresh Testaments. They says one to Jesus’ purpose were to repair religious and you will actual salvation to the world, but due to his crucifixion, he had been simply in a position to render spiritual salvation. Moonlight says one to physical salvation happens using relationship, and thus, Moon selects people in the fresh church are married. Its youngsters are considered to be clear of a good “dropped characteristics” (Smith and you will Eco-friendly 1995: 1109).